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What is Below Shingles on a Roof?
Roofing Blog

Do you want to know what is Below Shingles on a Roof?

When you look at a roof what you notice first is its shape and the material, most often asphalt shingles, that covers it. Upon a closer look you may notice some vents and pipes, but besides that it is really impossible to see what the roof is really made of. Unless you see a roof being replaced or a new roof being installed, you may never know how many layers and types of materials are hidden underneath the shingles and really make up the roof beyond the visible materials.

In fact, there are several layers beneath the shingles that work to create the roof shape, support it, regulate temperature, insulate your home, and block out moisture. Knowing about what really makes up a roof can help you understand how it functions, how it can be damaged or protected, and help you in dealing with roofing issues on your property in the future.

 

Layers Under Roof Covering

Let’s go over the layers that make up a roof, starting from the bottom and heading up.

 

The Frame

The frame of the home is what gives it its shape and defines its boundaries. The frame of the roof creates its shape and the support for all covering material. The frames of modern homes are typically made of a series of wood trusses manufactured to the specifications of a particular blueprint or home design. Occasionally, roofs are built completely on-site with wooden beams cut to appropriate rafter size and put together on the structure. It is important to have an idea of what the finished roof will look like when creating the frame since frames for certain roofing materials, like clay or concrete tile or slate, require additional reinforcing in the frame to hold up their weight. 

 

Insulation

Insulation in a house helps to regulate the internal temperature of a structure and prevent its fluctuations during weather changes. It also aids in reducing the use and cost of heaters and air conditioners. In a finished attic, the insulation is placed between the rafters of the roof’s frame. In an unfinished attic, the insulation can usually be found on the attic floor. 

 

The Roof Deck

The roof deck is nailed on top of the roof frame. It is made of wooden boards, usually either plywood or another engineered wood product such as oriented particle board (OSB). This creates the roof’s surface on top of the trusses. Holes are cut in the roof deck at appropriate areas where roofing vents will eventually be installed.

 

Water Shield

A waterproof barrier or membrane that is designed to prevent build up of moisture or protect areas that are particularly susceptible to water damage is laid down next. This is typically a peel-and-stick membrane that is used to line all valleys on the roof and, in climates that have ice or snow in the winter, the perimeter around the eaves. The peel-and-stick membrane attaches directly to the roof’s deck.

 

Underlayment

Next, and directly below the roof covering, is the underlayment. There are several different kinds of underlayment, which we will go over below since they serve as an integral part of the roof, particularly in preventing water from reaching the roof deck and then causing leaks. Underlayment is usually made of fiberglass paper or felt, and it covers the entire roof. Depending on the type of underlayment, it is either nailed to the deck or sticks directly to it if it is self-adhesive. 

Underlayment is either water-resistant or waterproof. There are three kinds of underlayment: asphalt-saturated felt, non-bitumen synthetic underlayment, or rubberized asphalt underlayment.

 

Asphalt-Saturated Felt

Until about 15-20 years ago, this was the most common kind of underlayment. It is water-resistant and nailed down to the roof. It is commonly called tar or felt paper and can vary in thickness. It consists of a base material (wood, cellulose, polyester, or fiberglass) which is soaked in a protective coat of asphalt (bitumen) or a similar material.

 

Synthetic Underlayment

This is presently the most common type of underlayment used by contractors, although in hurricane-prone central Florida it is quickly being replaced by the hardier rubberized asphalt (discussed below). Compared to felt paper (above) synthetic underlayment has increased durability. Fiberglass is added when the synthetic material is coated in asphalt, resulting in increased resistance to tears and punctures. Still, synthetic underlayment is water-resistant and must be nailed down to the roof deck.

 

Rubberized Asphalt

This is the most expensive type of underlayment, which is presently growing in popularity, although it leads to a higher cost of roof replacement. Its expense comes from a higher amount of rubber and asphalt polymers in production, which contribute to its strength. This underlayment comes with an adhesive on one side. When the covering is peeled away this adhesive sticks directly to the roof deck and creates a waterproof seal, as no nailing is required. It is also called peel-and-seal. 

Once the chosen underlayment is in place, the roof covering is added, beginning with the shingle starter strip and drip-edge at the eaves, the vents and flashing in their designated spaces, and shingles (or other chosen covering material) across the entire roof. 

If you have any questions about roof underlayment or need any work done on your roof in the Palm Coast, Flagler, or Volusia area, please give Florida’s Best Roofing, Inc. a call and schedule a free estimate at 386-263-7906!

Roof Color
Roofing Blog

Picking a Roof Color

Choosing the color of your roof is an important decision because a new roof is a big investment and a long term one. Roof colors come in a huge variety, especially when it comes to asphalt shingles, the most common type of roof covering. It is necessary to choose a color that you will be happy with for years to come, since a new roof will serve you for decades into the future. There are many ways to approach this choice which we will discuss here. Whether you are looking to sell your property or live in a home for generations to come, making the right color choice now will take you a long way.

Matching

Roof color makes an impact on the aesthetic properties of any house. Matching a roof color with your home’s stucco, siding, and trim is more than just finding a color that will compliment your siding or stucco. The roof’s color should also go well with the rest of the home’s exterior, like trim, light fixtures, and even landscaping. It is also possible that a variety of colors will correspond to the home in these aspects. Then, it is up to the homeowner to make the aesthetically pleasing choice, after consulting the offerings available from shingle or tile manufacturers. Finding the right roofing material color in today’s world of design can be a challenge, as there is such a diverse selection of colors, but with some consideration you can select a color that will please you for years to come.

There is no reason to get overwhelmed with color choices. Although it is an important decision it falls below that of roofing material and its grade. First, you should choose what type of roof covering (shingle, metal, tile, etc.) you need. Next, find a trusted contractor who will replace your roof. At this point a good contractor will help you with the color choice by providing options and samples. There is a great number of roofing material manufacturers across the country, but each contractor will have their preferred few, typically chosen for the quality of their product. The contractor will have samples from their chosen manufacturers that you can then examine to make a decision. Our staff at Florida’s Best Roofing will be glad to offer you advice, and we have plenty of samples to consider in our office in Bunnell, FL.

Here are some design ideas that can help you decide, which apply across the board and provide a starting point:

Effects of Tone – Tints and shades have particular impacts on the perception of architectural design. For instance, light color used on both exterior walls and the roof can make a small building appear larger. This practice also accentuates stark architectural features which you may need to soften or highlight. On the other hand, the use of darker colors on the exterior walls and roof have a dramatic effect. They make a structure and all its aspects stand out, and they harmonize well with neutral tones. Often a combination of the two, such as a light, neutral stucco tone and a dark roof can provide a pleasing result overall.

Medium Blends – Mid-tone or neutral colored roofs match well with almost any exterior. Colors such as gray, tan, brown, and beige go well with most exterior siding or stucco colors and home styles. Since these are so popular, many variations exist upon them that can compliment smaller details on a home, like the trim and exterior light fixtures or doors. The neutrality of these colors is also appreciated by customers looking to renovate their home in expectation of putting it on the market. People are guaranteed to invest more money in a home with a freshly replaced roof, and a neutral color can be pleasant to the greatest number of prospective buyers.

Exact Matching – It is not necessary and often not possible to match a roof exactly with a home’s interior. Siding, paint, and roofing material manufacturers do not coordinate their colors exactly. Moreover, a structure whose exterior, from ground to roof, is only one color is monochromatic and can be displeasing to the eyes. Rather, it is the use of complimentary colors that is best. Staying in the same color family is also best. A dark grey roof looks great on a house with light grey stucco/siding and white trim. Likewise, a home with a yellow exterior is attractive under a medium to darker brown roof. Melding cool tones with warm is usually not advised. This can be quite jarring and idiosyncratic.

Current Trends – In the present day, siding can be found in a range of colors as well as patterns of brick, stone and wood. Darker colors, such as black and dark grey are rather popular. While in the past these put the home in danger of retaining heat and prematurely ageing the roof, new developments in roofing materials removed this as a concern. Also, white and metal roof colors with designs that embrace energy efficiency and coolness can look great while saving on utility costs, particularly in Florida.

Choosing the color for your roof does not have to be arduous or stressful. Keeping an eye on complimentary colors and the design ideas above should help guide you through the process. Give us a call, and we at Florida’s Best Roofing will be happy to provide further assistance.

Roofing Blog

How to Extend the Lifetime of your Roof

The roof over your property is a significant investment and one of the most important, protecting everything beneath it. Because roofs are expensive and so integral to the upkeep of the structure, it is important to routinely maintain the roof over your business or home so that it will last as long as possible.

Here we will discuss some aspects of roof maintenance which can extend a roof’s life expectancy. Life expectancy heavily depends on roofing material. Asphalt shingles, the most popular roofing material, have varying life expectancies from about 15 to 40 years, depending on type. Tile roofs can last about 50 years, precluding outside forces and with proper maintenance. Yet, no matter what kind of roof it is, without consideration of the factors below a roof can deteriorate and sprout leaks prematurely.

 

Roof Ventilation

Have you ever wondered what all those vents are doing up on the roof? Well, they ventilate the attic, which is integral to insulating the structure and preventing premature decay of roofing materials. In an improperly ventilated attic, summer heat can cause temperatures to skyrocket to up to 160 degrees Fahrenheit. This heated air not only heats up the interior and makes it more difficult and expensive to cool the structure, but it also cooks the exterior roof covering from underneath. This can cause pitting, bubbling, and cracking. This can be particularly problematic in the South, where it is hot and sunny so much of the year.

During the cold months, conversely, poorly ventilated roofs trap moisture. This moisture can get into the insulation and dampen the roof sheathing from inside. To avoid these issues make sure that your roof has adequate ventilation and that it is properly installed. Poor vent installation is a frequent cause of roof leaks. If you suspect that your roof may have an issue in this area, contact a roofing professional or inspector.

 

Gutters

While not all structures have gutters and downspouts, they are an important part of the roofing system. A roof’s lifetime can be increased by the addition and proper maintenance of gutters and decreased by a lack of these. Gutters prevent the structure from constantly being drenched by rain, which is especially important in a state like Florida. Vulnerable sections of the edifice and roof can sustain water damage if frequently exposed to it.

If you do not have gutters, it is a good idea to install them. If you do have gutters, make sure to keep them clear of debris like leaves, branches, and pine needles. Debris clogs gutters and prevents them from functioning correctly. It also weighs down the gutter system, which can lead to damage to the soffit and fascia system. Inspect your gutters a couple of times a year to make sure they are clear and that there is no sagging. This should also be done after all severe weather events. Finally, gutter-guards can help with preventing debris deposits and save you from having to clear the gutters frequently.

 

Debris Removal

Debris is not only a problem in relation to gutters. It often accumulates on the roof itself, especially in the valleys. In the Palm Coast and Daytona Beach areas it is common to see roofs with pine needles lying in the recessed areas. Is this ok? Definitely not. Anything that shouldn’t be on the roof needs to be removed. Pine needles, branches, leaves, and animal droppings retain moisture, pool water, and add weight. Too much accumulation can even cause structural damage.

Avoid expensive repairs by preventing all that. Remove debris by using a broom to either push or sweep off the roof. Do not use anything with abrasive bristles or a power-washer, since both can damage the roofing material. 

 

Inspect Your Flashing

95 percent of leaks are caused by improperly installed or damaged flashing. Pieces installed around skylights, chimneys, and vents should be checked. It is very important that they are tight and secure. If you notice any gaps, add some sealant or hire a professional to seal it.

 

Moss, Algae, and Fungus

Moss, algae, and fungus grow on almost any surface exposed to moisture, and the humid environment of our area is perfect for them. Many roofing materials are especially made to prevent moss, algae, and fungus growth, but even these succumb in time in high-moisture environments. To remove these elements, mix equal parts bleach and water in a bucket then spray it on the mold and mildew.

 

Trees and Branches

Do you have trees growing close to your home or business? Falling branches are always a risk. Additionally, trees that block the sun can encourage moss and fungus growth by preventing the roof from drying fully. Finally, in a hurricane-prone area, trees close to the house can pose a danger. Make sure these are appropriately trimmed or removed altogether.

  What Else?

The goal here is preventing problems before they begin or at the least catching them early. Make sure to perform regular roof maintenance and checks after severe weather events. If you notice even a minor problem–address it before it gets worse. This will save you time, money, and protect your home in the long run. Call Florida’s Best Roofing, Inc. or fill out the contact form on our website for a free estimate!

Roofing Blog

Tips For Choosing The Right Roofer

For most of us, choosing a roofing contractor can be an intimidating experience, especially when we have no prior experience with the work ourselves. How do you know you’re getting quality workmanship? Do you even know exactly what it is you want them to do? 

Like any other specialised service, it pays to come prepared when you decide to hire someone. Which is exactly why we’ve brought you today’s six tips for choosing the right roofer, so you get exactly what you’re paying for and nothing less.

Go Local

Do a little investigation into commercial roofing options in your area and pick a company that meets your specific requirements. Project specifications. Budget. These are all real considerations and they dictate the way your project will play out. 

Choose a company in your area, and you’ll have quick access to them whenever you need their services.

Double Check Their Credentials

Before committing to a contractor, make sure to do a full background check on their licensing and insurance. You’d be surprised how many companies claim to be professional roofers when they just aren’t. This kind of background check is an important part of the process, ensuring you are protected from damages and, ultimately, getting the most out of your project.

Referrals

One of the benefits of going local is being able to easily access the previous customers of your roofers. Ask family members and friends what they’ve heard. Get on Facebook or ask for references that know the people you know. People love to make recommendations to people they don’t have to see at work or family reunions, so if you go further out in your social circles, you’re more likely to hear the truth.

You’ll also want to read reviews. We live in a digital age, and online reviews can give you the exact information you need to make a proper commitment from their reliability to the quality of their service. Turn someone else’s experience to your benefit, and consider visiting the company’s social media accounts for customer feedback.

Don’t Only Focus On The Expense

A commercial roofing company that fits your budget, is obviously important. But it can be easy to get too wrapped up in the cost of the whole project, but you have to consider more than just that. Compare prices with reviews and the services on offer, and try to see the whole picture. There are plenty of roofers out there who charge world-class prices for less-than-stellar service.

Consider Their Experience

Before hiring a roofer, it’s important to know how long they’ve been in the business for. The company must have enough of a background and understanding of the business, so they can handle any situation that may come up during the installation.

Guarantee

As with any other service that impacts the places we live and work, roofing must be guaranteed if it’s going to be trustworthy. A warranty is important in cases where the roofing is done to a poor standard or fails over too little time. 

Choosing The Right Roofer

Getting the best service you can from any contractor comes down to knowing what you want, knowing what they can offer, and knowing what other people think about them. With today’s tips, you’ll have exactly what you need to pick the best roofer for the job, every time.

And, speaking of the best roofers: for professional roofing services from a leading name in the Volusia area, get in touch with us on (386) 263-7906, today!

Choosing The Right Roof For Your Home
Roofing Blog

Choosing The Right Roof For Your Home

Choosing a new roof for your home? It’s more complicated than just picking something out of a catalog. You’re going to want to factor in various considerations in order to make an informed decision. Climate and weather conditions native to your area (and those yearly natural disasters so common in places like Florida). How long you’d like your roof to last vs how much you’re willing to spend. How much roofing material is going to cost, and how that particular material is going to look on your roof. 

With so much on your plate, it can be easy to feel completely overwhelmed. Not to worry, though: here are some choice material tips to help you along your way to roofing greatness.

Metal

If you’re looking for durable roofing, metal is probably the best option going for sheer longevity. It is especially strong, refusing to degrade when in full exposure to the elements, from sunlight to heavy rain. Panels are typically completely coated with zinc or aluminum, or galvalume in the case of galvanized steel. This makes them extremely strong, as well. 

Metal also has, by far, the highest wind rating of all common roofing materials. It reflects heat more effectively than its competitors, leaving your home warm in the winter and cool in summer. 

It’s also better in a lightning storm than you might expect. When a lightning bolt makes contact with a steel roof shingle,  the current is easily spread over the surface of the roof without ever entering the house itself. 

Metal is also non-flammable, leaving much less risk of extensive damage during a fire.

Asphalt 

This is easily one of the more common and most popular options for roofing materials. Asphalt shingles are built for rugged performance, from felt saturated in asphalt, and coated from top to bottom with a weathering layer. 

The top is coated with a layer of mineral granules, which help to shield the roof from elements. These shingles are extremely versatile, suiting almost any style of home or roof. They can also be ordered in a variety of styles, from slate grey to simulated wood. 

Perhaps one of the main reasons they’re so popular is their low price point. Asphalt shingles are extremely inexpensive, requiring less work and investment to install and repair, over time. The trade in, however, is that they do have a relatively short service life. They’re also not as environmentally friendly, degrading into fine granules over time.

Tiles

Tile roofing is much more durable than building with shingles. Obviously, this depends heavily on the quality and type of material you choose, but concrete and clay tiles are are extremely durable, as well as being fire-resistant. They’re also available in a huge array of colors and styles, making them extremely versatile. 

Tiles are difficult to install, and should only be handled by experts. This is a heavy material to use, so it most commonly features in new buildings with very specific weight restrictions. 

No matter your target budget is, ideal style, or the climate you live in, the perfect roof system exists for you. Your roof isn’t just some decorative element to try and get past as quickly and expensively as possible. It’s as important to your house’s functionality as the foundation and support columns. Choosing the right material will provide you with better insulation, protection from heat, and less frequent materials. Going the wrong way…well, that can be costly. 

Looking for the right materials, installed by some of the leading roofing professionals in Central Florida? Get in touch with Florida’s Best Roofing Inc., today, at (386 )263-7906!

Leaking Roof
Roofing Blog

What To Do When Your Roof Suddenly Leaks Or Is Damaged

When it comes to your home, there’s really only so much you can do against the elements. Build an average home, and pit it against a category 4 hurricane, and there’s a good chance you’ll lose a boundary wall, a few windows, or even a whole section of your home. It’s part of the risk when building a home and a big reason why homeowners’ insurance is so important.

And no part of your home is more susceptible to this kind of damage than your roof. Heavy rain and winds, lightning, hail and acts of God can all damage your roof, causing leaks and internal damage. 

So, what’s a homeowner in the middle of a hurricane to do? In the event of such damage, quick action is your first order of business. 

Stop A Small Problem From Becoming A Serious Disaster

Before we start, it’s important to note one important thing: in the event of an emergency, never try to fix the problem yourself. Even more importantly, never try to do this during a storm. You could seriously injure yourself, but also cause irreversible damage to your roof. 

Call in a qualified roof contractor who is going to have the equipment and expertise to handle your repair job safely and efficiently. Make sure you have an exact understanding of what the problem is before you call, or as close to it as you can get. Be prepared to explain, simply, what the damage is over the phone or in an email, so that they have what they need to give you an accurate cost estimate. 

With this information onhand, you now have what you need to decide whether the roof needs repairs, and whether those costs are worth it or if they can wait for the storm to pass by.

What’s Involved

For an emergency procedure, measures will typically include some of the following:

  • repairing tarpaulins on or underneath damaged roofing 
  • building up damaged chimneys 
  • protecting a damaged utility line

Once conditions have lightened up and everything is dry, once more, your contractor can do a complete assessment of the damage, just in case there was something you missed. They’ll want to isolate a damaged section of the roof and repair it without having to replace the rest of the roof itself. 

What To Do When Your Roof Suddenly Leaks Or Is Damaged

As a homeowner, you know anything can happen, but that doesn’t make it any easier to predict. That’s why it’s so important to know exactly what to do in the event of a sudden leak or unexpected damage, to minimize damage and any potential risks to yourself. 

Always remember: trying to handle an emergency repair on your ceiling on your own could be dangerous, not just to yourself but also to your roof. Isolate the damage, contain any of the moisture that makes its way inside, and get on the phone with someone who knows what they’re doing.

Looking for professional help with emergency roof repair work? Visit Florida’s Best Roofing Inc, or get in touch with us on (386)263-7906, today!

Qualifying Roofing Contractor
Roofing Blog

How to Qualify Your Roofing Contractor?

An important factor in the success of any construction project is in choosing the right contractor. Qualified, professional contractors have the background and experience in the industry to know what they need to turn out in order to guarantee the outcome of a homeowner’s project. 

If you take the time to understand your contractor before giving them the contract, you save a lot of potential issues and wasted time in solving unexpected problems. Professional contractors work with a sense of pride, so expect them to discuss your options, their previous work, and and any and all references.

Before making an appointment, decide whether you’re truly qualified. And the best way to figure yourself out in those situations? Well, you can start by answering some of the following questions:

Does Your Contractor Have A Permanent Office?

The selection process can be grueling when it comes to roofing contractors. This means that you need to get the basics taken care of, early on. Start with the following question: do they have the resources to rent and maintain a permanent office? If your contractor isn’t permanently established somewhere, how can they guarantee they’ll complete your roof under deadlines or unexpected developments?

Do They Have Legitimate Insurance?

Trying to decide on a new contractor? You’re going to want specific information about their coverage in the event of an accident or some sort of roadblock. They’ll need to verify your coverage, with names and phone numbers for their provider. 

Are They Licensed, Registered, and Part of a Trade Association?

Never trust a contractor just because they can show you their license. You might not expect it, but licensing requirements are actually pretty minimal.Not only that, but the actual laws concerning them aren’t usually very strict. 

Ask if they are a trade association member. Then ask for contact details, and make sure to actually reach out and contact the association to confirm their membership.

How Long Have They Been A Part Of The Industry For?

Age within the business speaks volumes, so make sure to get a clear idea of how long they’ve been roofing for. Many businesses will artfully sidestep this question, but don’t let them distract you. 

If your contractor has been in the business for fewer than five years, it may indicate some instability. This is why 90% of businesses fail within their first five years of operation. Check their references carefully for long-term validity, and make sure to ask about their older projects if and when you contact them.

How Have They Historically Handled Complaint Resolution?

If a contractor tells you they have never had a complaint during their time in business, do yourself a favor and reject them outright. Every business deals with complaints. It’s not about getting out without any complaints, but about how you handle those complaints.

Ask your potential contractor about the complaints they’ve had, how they handled them, and how they would handle a hypothetical complaint, as well. 

Looking for more great insights into the roofing industry? Check out some of our other expert blog content, or get in touch with us today, and find out how Florida’s Best Roofing, Inc. can transform your next roofing project.

Florida’s Best Roofing, Inc is a Palm Coast-based roofing contractor, providing professional roofing services in Flagler and Volusia County Areas.

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